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As the most reliable and balanced news aggregation service on the internet, DML News App offers the following information published by WASHINGTONEXAMINER.COM:

President Trump officially issued his executive order Thursday, which demands all other departments and agencies provide the Commerce Department with any information related to citizenship.

“To achieve that goal, I have determined that it is imperative that all executive departments and agencies provide the Department the maximum assistance permissible, consistent with law, in determining the number of citizens and non-citizens in the country, including by providing any access that the Department may request to administrative records that may be useful in accomplishing that objective,” the executive order states.

The order outlines what information each affected department will be compiling.

The article goes on to state the following:

  • Department of Homeland Security: National-level file of Lawful Permanent Residents, naturalizations, F1 and M1 nonimmigrant visas, national-level file of customs and border arrival/departure transaction data
  • Department of State: refugee and asylum visas, national-level passport application data
  • Social Security Administration: Master beneficiary records
  • Department of Health and Human Services: CMS Medicaid and CHIP Information System

According to an email from the White House Press Office, the Executive order reads as follows:



By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, it is
hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. Purpose. In Department of Commerce v. New York, No. 18-966 (June 27, 2019), the Supreme Court held that the Department of Commerce (Department) may, as a general matter, lawfully include a question inquiring about citizenship status on the decennial census and, more specifically, declined to hold that the Secretary of Commerce’s decision to include such a question on the 2020 decennial census was “substantively invalid.” That ruling was not surprising, given that every decennial census from 1820 to 2000 (with the single exception of
1840) asked at least some respondents about their citizenship
status or place of birth. In addition, the Census Bureau has
inquired since 2005 about citizenship on the American Community
Survey — a separate questionnaire sent annually to about
2.5 percent of households.
The Court determined, however, that the explanation the
Department had provided for including such a question on the
census was, in the circumstances of that case, insufficient to
support the Department’s decision. I disagree with the Court’s
ruling, because I believe that the Department’s decision was
fully supported by the rationale presented on the record before
the Supreme Court.
The Court’s ruling, however, has now made it impossible,
as a practical matter, to include a citizenship question on the
2020 decennial census questionnaire. After examining every
possible alternative, the Attorney General and the Secretary of
Commerce have informed me that the logistics and timing for
carrying out the census, combined with delays from continuing
litigation, leave no practical mechanism for including the
question on the 2020 decennial census.
Nevertheless, we shall ensure that accurate citizenship data
is compiled in connection with the census by other means. To
achieve that goal, I have determined that it is imperative that
all executive departments and agencies (agencies) provide the
Department the maximum assistance permissible, consistent with
law, in determining the number of citizens and non-citizens in
the country, including by providing any access that the
Department may request to administrative records that may be
useful in accomplishing that objective. When the Secretary of
Commerce decided to include the citizenship question on the
census, he determined that such a question, in combination with
administrative records, would provide the most accurate and

complete data. At that time, the Census Bureau had determined
based on experience that administrative records to which it had
access would enable it to determine citizenship status for
approximately 90 percent of the population. At that point, the
benefits of using administrative records were limited because the
Department had not yet been able to access several additional
important sets of records with critical information on
citizenship. Under the Secretary of Commerce’s decision
memorandum directing the Census Bureau “to further enhance its
administrative record data sets” and “to obtain as many
additional Federal and state administrative records as possible,”
the Department has sought access to several such sets of records
maintained by other agencies, but it remains in negotiations to
secure access. The executive action I am taking today will
ensure that the Department will have access to all available
records in time for use in conjunction with the census.
Therefore, to eliminate delays and uncertainty, and to
resolve any doubt about the duty of agencies to share data
promptly with the Department, I am hereby ordering all agencies
to share information requested by the Department to the maximum
extent permissible under law.
Access to the additional data identified in section 3 of
this order will ensure that administrative records provide more
accurate and complete citizenship data than was previously
I am also ordering the establishment of an interagency
working group to improve access to administrative records, with a
goal of making available to the Department administrative records
showing citizenship data for 100 percent of the population. And
I am ordering the Secretary of Commerce to consider mechanisms
for ensuring that the Department’s existing data-gathering
efforts expand the collection of citizenship data in the future.

Finally, I am directing the Department to strengthen its
efforts, consistent with law, to obtain State administrative
records concerning citizenship.
Ensuring that the Department has available the best data on
citizenship that administrative records can provide, consistent
with law, is important for multiple reasons, including the
First, data on the number of citizens and aliens in the
country is needed to help us understand the effects of
immigration on our country and to inform policymakers considering
basic decisions about immigration policy. The Census Bureau has
long maintained that citizenship data is one of the statistics
that is “essential for agencies and policy makers setting and
evaluating immigration policies and laws.”
Today, an accurate understanding of the number of citizens
and the number of aliens in the country is central to any effort
to reevaluate immigration policy. The United States has not
fundamentally restructured its immigration system since
1965. I have explained many times that our outdated immigration
laws no longer meet contemporary needs. My Administration is
committed to modernizing immigration laws and policies, but the
effort to undertake any fundamental reevaluation of immigration
policy is hampered when we do not have the most complete data
about the number of citizens and non-citizens in the country. If
we are to undertake a genuine overhaul of our immigration laws
and evaluate policies for encouraging the assimilation of
immigrants, one of the basic informational building blocks we
should know is how many non-citizens there are in the country.
Second, the lack of complete data on numbers of citizens and
aliens hinders the Federal Government’s ability to implement

specific programs and to evaluate policy proposals for changes in
those programs. For example, the lack of such data limits our
ability to evaluate policies concerning certain public benefits
programs. It remains the immigration policy of the United
States, as embodied in statutes passed by the Congress, that
“aliens within the Nation’s borders [should] not depend on public
resources to meet their needs, but rather rely on their own
capabilities and the resources of their families, their sponsors,
and private organizations” and that “the availability of public
benefits [should] not constitute an incentive for immigration to
the United States” (8 U.S.C. 1601(2)). The Congress has
identified compelling Government interests in restricting public
benefits “in order to assure that aliens be self-reliant in
accordance with national immigration policy” and “to remove the
incentive for illegal immigration provided by the availability of
public benefits” (8 U.S.C. 1601(5), (6)).
Accordingly, aliens are restricted from eligibility for many
public benefits. With limited exceptions, aliens are ineligible
to receive supplemental security income or food stamps (8 U.S.C.
1612(a)). Aliens who are “qualified aliens” — that is, lawful
permanent residents, persons granted asylum, and certain other
legal immigrants — are, with limited exceptions, ineligible to
receive benefits through Temporary Assistance for Needy Families,
Medicaid, and State Children’s Health Insurance Program for 5
years after entry into the United States (8 U.S.C.
1613(a)). Aliens who are not “qualified aliens,” such as those
unlawfully present, are generally ineligible for Federal benefits
and for State and local benefits (8 U.S.C. 1611(a), 1621(a)).
The lack of accurate information about the total citizen
population makes it difficult to plan for annual expenditures
on certain benefits programs. And the lack of accurate and
complete data concerning the alien population makes it extremely
difficult to evaluate the potential effects of proposals to alter

the eligibility rules for public benefits.
Third, data identifying citizens will help the Federal
Government generate a more reliable count of the unauthorized
alien population in the country. Data tabulating both the
overall population and the citizen population could be combined
with records of aliens lawfully present in the country to
generate an estimate of the aggregate number of aliens unlawfully
present in each State. Currently, the Department of Homeland
Security generates an annual estimate of the number of illegal
aliens residing in the United States, but its usefulness is
limited by the deficiencies of the citizenship data collected
through the American Community Survey alone, which includes
substantial margins of error because it is distributed to such
a small percentage of the population.
Academic researchers have also been unable to develop useful
and reliable numbers of our illegal alien population using
currently available data. A 2018 study by researchers at Yale
University estimated that the illegal alien population totaled
between 16.2 million and 29.5 million. Its modeling put the
likely number at about double the conventional estimate. The
fact is that we simply do not know how many citizens, non-
citizens, and illegal aliens are living in the United States.
Accurate and complete data on the illegal alien population
would be useful for the Federal Government in evaluating many
policy proposals. When Members of Congress propose various forms
of protected status for classes of unauthorized immigrants, for
example, the full implications of such proposals can be properly
evaluated only with accurate information about the overall number
of unauthorized aliens potentially at issue. Similarly, such
information is needed to inform debate about legislative
proposals to enhance enforcement of immigration laws and
effectuate duly issued removal orders.

The Federal Government’s need for a more accurate count of
illegal aliens in the country is only made more acute by the
recent massive influx of illegal immigrants at our southern
border. In Proclamation 9822 of November 9, 2018 (Addressing
Mass Migration Through the Southern Border of the United States),
I explained that our immigration and asylum system remains in
crisis as a consequence of the mass migration of aliens across
our southern border. As a result of our broken asylum laws,
hundreds of thousands of aliens who entered the country illegally
have been released into the interior of the United States pending
the outcome of their removal proceedings. But because of the
massive backlog of cases, hearing dates are sometimes set years
in the future and the adjudication process often takes years to
complete. Aliens not in custody routinely fail to appear in
court and, even if they do appear, fail to comply with removal
orders. There are more than 1 million illegal aliens who have
been issued final removal orders from immigration judges and yet
remain at-large in the United States.
Efforts to find solutions that address the immense number of
unauthorized aliens living in our country should start with
accurate information that allows us to understand the true scope
of the problem.
Fourth, it may be open to States to design State and local legislative districts based on the population of voter-eligible citizens. In Evenwel v. Abbott, 136 S. Ct. 1120 (2016), the Supreme Court left open the question whether “States may draw districts to equalize voter-eligible population rather than total population.” Some States, such as Texas, have argued that “jurisdictions may, consistent with the Equal Protection Clause, design districts using any population baseline — including total population and voter-eligible population — so long as the choice is rational and not invidiously discriminatory”. Some courts,

based on Supreme Court precedent, have agreed that State
districting plans may exclude individuals who are ineligible to
vote. Whether that approach is permissible will be resolved when
a State actually proposes a districting plan based on the voter-
eligible population. But because eligibility to vote depends in
part on citizenship, States could more effectively exercise this
option with a more accurate and complete count of the citizen
The Department has said that if the officers or public
bodies having initial responsibility for the legislative
districting in each State indicate a need for tabulations of
citizenship data, the Census Bureau will make a design change to
make such information available. I understand that some State
officials are interested in such data for districting
purposes. This order will assist the Department in securing the
most accurate and complete citizenship data so that it can
respond to such requests from the States.
To be clear, generating accurate data concerning the total
number of citizens, non-citizens, and illegal aliens in the
country has nothing to do with enforcing immigration laws against
particular individuals. It is important, instead, for making
broad policy determinations. Information obtained by the
Department in connection with the census through requests for
administrative records under 13 U.S.C. 6 shall be used solely to
produce statistics and is subject to confidentiality protections
under Title 13 of the United States Code. Information subject to
confidentiality protections under Title 13 may not, and shall
not, be used to bring immigration enforcement actions against
particular individuals. Under my Administration, the data
confidentiality protections in Title 13 shall be fully
Sec. 2. Policy. It is the policy of the United States to

develop complete and accurate data on the number of citizens,
non-citizens, and illegal aliens in the country. Such data is
necessary to understand the effects of immigration on the
country, and to inform policymakers in setting and evaluating
immigration policies and laws, including evaluating proposals to
address the current crisis in illegal immigration.
Sec. 3. Assistance to the Department of Commerce and
Maximizing Citizenship Data. (a) All agencies shall promptly
provide the Department the maximum assistance permissible,
consistent with law, in determining the number of citizens,
non-citizens, and illegal aliens in the country, including
by providing any access that the Department may request to
administrative records that may be useful in accomplishing that
objective. In particular, the following agencies shall examine
relevant legal authorities and, to the maximum extent consistent
with law, provide access to the following records:
(i) Department of Homeland Security, United States
Citizenship and Immigration Services – National-level file of
Lawful Permanent Residents, Naturalizations;
(ii) Department of Homeland Security, Immigration and
Customs Enforcement – F1 & M1 Nonimmigrant Visas;
(iii) Department of Homeland Security – National-level
file of Customs and Border Arrival/Departure transaction data;
(iv) Department of Homeland Security and Department
of State, Worldwide Refugee and Asylum Processing System –
Refugee and Asylum visas;
(v) Department of State – National-level passport
application data;

(vi) Social Security Administration – Master
Beneficiary Records; and
(vii) Department of Health and Human Services – CMS
Medicaid and CHIP Information System.
(b) The Secretary of Commerce shall instruct the Director
of the Census Bureau to establish an interagency working group to
coordinate efforts, consistent with law, to maximize the
availability of administrative records in connection with the
census, with the goal of obtaining administrative records that
can help establish citizenship status for 100 percent of the
population. The Director of the Census Bureau shall chair the
working group, and the head of each agency shall designate a
representative to the working group upon request from the working
group chair.
(c) To ensure that the Federal Government continues to
collect the most accurate information available concerning
citizenship going forward, the Secretary of Commerce shall
consider initiating any administrative process necessary to
include a citizenship question on the 2030 decennial census and
to consider any regulatory changes necessary to ensure that
citizenship data is collected in any other surveys and data-
gathering efforts conducted by the Census Bureau, including the
American Community Survey. The Secretary of Commerce shall also
consider expanding the distribution of the American Community
Survey, which currently reaches approximately 2.5 percent of
households, to secure better citizenship data.
(d) The Department shall strengthen its efforts, consistent
with law, to gain access to relevant State administrative
Sec. 4. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order

shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:
(i) the authority granted by law to an executive
department or agency, or the head thereof; or
(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of
Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or
legislative proposals.
(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with
applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.
(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any
right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law
or in equity by any party against the United States, its
departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or
agents, or any other person.
July 11, 2019.

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