The Pew Research Center has released a new report outlining ten demographic trends that are reshaping the United States, and the world, primarily driven by migration flows and changes in family life and living arrangements.
ONE. Millennials are the largest living generation in the United States, as of 2016, and are expected to continue growing until 2036 as a result of immigration. In 2016, there were:
- 79.8 million Millennials (ages 18-35)
- 74.1 million Baby Boomers (ages 52-70)
In addition, Millennials have very different lifestyles than the generation before them, with a larger share of them still living at home with their parents. They are not transitioning into the traditional adulthood roles as fast, and are less likely to be married, own a home or have children.
TWO. Americans’ lives are changing. In 2015, only half of U.S. adults were married, down from 70% in 1950.
The number of Americans living with an unmarried partner rose by 29% between 2007 to 2016, from 14 million to 18 million.
THREE. WOMEN IN THE WORKFORCE. Pew Research suggests that although 46.8% of the U.S. labor force in 2015 were women, it is projected to peak at 47.1% by 2025, before tapering off. However, the gender pay gap has narrowed, with women now earning $0.83 for every $1 a man earned in 2015, compared with $0.64 in 1980.
FOUR. Immigrants are driving the workforce growth in the U.S. As the Baby Boom generation goes into retirement, immigrants and U.S.-born children of immigrants are taking those jobs.
FIVE. Illegal immigration: Mexicans are still the largest group of illegal aliens in the U.S., but in 2016, they are no longer the majority of illegal aliens entering the U.S., as the number of Mexicans has decreased, and the number of illegal aliens from other parts of the world has increased.
SIX. Immigrant women are playing a huge role in U.S. fertility trends, as they have more children than U.S.-born women. Since 1970, annual births to U.S.-born women has been decreasing, while annual births to foreign-born women has continued to rise.
SEVEN. Globally, by 2035, babies born to Muslim mothers will outnumber babies born to Christian mothers.
Between 2010 to 2050, Pew reports that the Muslim population will grow by 73% globally, while the Christian population will only grow about 35%.
People who are non-religious currently make up for 16% of the world’s population, but only accounted for 10% of the babies born between 2010 to 2015, so their group is on the decline.
EIGHT. In Europe, the number of adults living in middle-income households is on the decline.
NINE. European countries received 1.3 million first-time asylum applications in 2015, and another 1.2 million in 2016, with over half coming from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. Germany received 45% of the asylum applications.
TEN. In fiscal year 2016, the United States took in 84,995 refugees, and 46% of them were Muslim.
More than half of the refugees went to just ten states, with the largest numbers going to California and Texas.
H/T: Pew Research Center
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